- Erkunde Karina Helgerts Pinnwand „Raphael Santiago“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu chroniken der unterwelt, unterwelt, chronik. raphael santiago wikipedia. Raphael Oritz Santiago ( - ) war der stellvertende Anführer des New Yorker Vampir Clan und.
Raphael SantiagoT-Shirts, Poster, Sticker, Wohndeko und mehr zum Thema Raphael Santiago in hochwertiger Qualität von unabhängigen Künstlern und Designern aus aller. Raphael Santiago (David Castro) ist in "Shadowhunters" ein ehrgeiziges wie hinterlistiges Mitglied des New Yorker Vampirclans, der sich als. Raphael Oritz Santiago ( - ) war der stellvertende Anführer des New Yorker Vampir Clan und.
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Später half er Simon bei seiner Verwandlung in einen Vampir und versprach Clary, dass er auf Simon aufpassen würde. Als Simon es ablehnte mit zu Raphael zu kommen, war Raphael bereit zu warten bis Simon freiwillig kommen wollte.
Damit Raphael zustimmte, musste Simon ihm seine Loyalität versprechen und er musste dem Vampirclan beitreten.
Clary und Simon schlichen sich zum Sarg von Camille und wollten sie befreien. Allerdings hat Isabelle es nicht geschafft Raphael abzulenken und Clary und Simon wurden erwischt.
Er sagte das Bündnis existierte nicht mehr und wollte die beiden angreifen. Isabelle kam dazwischen und zerbrach die Wand.
Da dort Sonnenstrahlen durchkamen konnte Raphael Simon und Clary nicht erreichen. Daraufhin sind sie mit Camille abgehauen. Als sich herausstellte, dass in Reggie's ein Vampirclan lebt, konfrontierte Victor Aldertree Simon damit.
Da Simon ausversehen Raphael erwähnte, dachte Aldertree, dass Raphael was damit zu tun hätte. Raphael traf Simon und wollte, dass er Camille findet und sie zu Raphael bringt, da er sie freigelassen hat.
Raphael wurde an einem Stuhl gefesselt und gefoltert. Als er freigelassen wurde, ging er direkt zu Magnus. Gerade als Magnus dabei war Raphael zu heilen, kam Simon ins Loft.
Als sie aufeinander losgingen, ging Magnus dazwischen. Dann als Simon die Box rausholte, die er bei Camille im Apartment in Indien gefunden hatte, wusste Raphael was sich darin befindet.
Er meinte es sei Erde von Camilles Grab und damit könnte man sie rufen. Most of his work there was altered or demolished after his death and the acceptance of Michelangelo's design, but a few drawings have survived.
It appears his designs would have made the church a good deal gloomier than the final design, with massive piers all the way down the nave, "like an alley" according to a critical posthumous analysis by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger.
It would perhaps have resembled the temple in the background of The Expulsion of Heliodorus from the Temple.
He designed several other buildings, and for a short time was the most important architect in Rome, working for a small circle around the Papacy.
Julius had made changes to the street plan of Rome, creating several new thoroughfares, and he wanted them filled with splendid palaces.
The main designs for the Villa Farnesina were not by Raphael, but he did design, and decorate with mosaics, the Chigi Chapel for the same patron, Agostino Chigi , the Papal Treasurer.
Another building, for Pope Leo's doctor, the Palazzo Jacopo da Brescia , was moved in the s but survives; this was designed to complement a palace on the same street by Bramante, where Raphael himself lived for a time.
He produced a design from which the final construction plans were completed by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger. Even incomplete, it was the most sophisticated villa design yet seen in Italy, and greatly influenced the later development of the genre; it appears to be the only modern building in Rome of which Palladio made a measured drawing.
Only some floor-plans remain for a large palace planned for himself on the new via Giulia in the rione of Regola , for which he was accumulating the land in his last years.
It was on an irregular island block near the river Tiber. It is preserved at the Library in Munich with handwritten margin notes by Raphael.
The pope intended to continue to re-use ancient masonry in the building of St Peter's, also wanting to ensure that all ancient inscriptions were recorded, and sculpture preserved, before allowing the stones to be reused.
Peter's Square for 90, ducats. The Vatican projects took most of his time, although he painted several portraits, including those of his two main patrons, the popes Julius II and his successor Leo X , the former considered one of his finest.
Other portraits were of his own friends, like Castiglione, or the immediate Papal circle. Other rulers pressed for work, and King Francis I of France was sent two paintings as diplomatic gifts from the Pope.
He also designed some of the decoration for the Villa Madama, the work in both villas being executed by his workshop.
One of his most important papal commissions was the Raphael Cartoons now in the Victoria and Albert Museum , a series of 10 cartoons , of which seven survive, for tapestries with scenes of the lives of Saint Paul and Saint Peter , for the Sistine Chapel.
The cartoons were sent to Brussels to be woven in the workshop of Pier van Aelst. It is possible that Raphael saw the finished series before his death—they were probably completed in Cecilia and the Sistine Madonna.
His last work, on which he was working up to his death, was a large Transfiguration , which together with Il Spasimo shows the direction his art was taking in his final years—more proto- Baroque than Mannerist.
Triumph of Galatea , , his only major mythology, for Chigi's villa Villa Farnesina. Il Spasimo , , brings a new degree of expressiveness to his art.
Museo del Prado. The Holy Family , Louvre. Transfiguration , , unfinished at his death. Pinacoteca Vaticana. Raphael painted several of his works on wood support Madonna of the Pinks but he also used canvas Sistine Madonna and he was known to employ drying oils such as linseed or walnut oils.
His palette was rich and he used almost all of the then available pigments such as ultramarine , lead-tin-yellow , carmine , vermilion , madder lake , verdigris and ochres.
In several of his paintings Ansidei Madonna he even employed the rare brazilwood lake, metallic powdered gold and even less known metallic powdered bismuth.
Vasari says that Raphael eventually had a workshop of fifty pupils and assistants, many of whom later became significant artists in their own right.
This was arguably the largest workshop team assembled under any single old master painter, and much higher than the norm. They included established masters from other parts of Italy, probably working with their own teams as sub-contractors, as well as pupils and journeymen.
We have very little evidence of the internal working arrangements of the workshop, apart from the works of art themselves, which are often very difficult to assign to a particular hand.
The most important figures were Giulio Romano , a young pupil from Rome only about twenty-one at Raphael's death , and Gianfrancesco Penni , already a Florentine master.
They were left many of Raphael's drawings and other possessions, and to some extent continued the workshop after Raphael's death.
Penni did not achieve a personal reputation equal to Giulio's, as after Raphael's death he became Giulio's less-than-equal collaborator in turn for much of his subsequent career.
Perino del Vaga , already a master, and Polidoro da Caravaggio , who was supposedly promoted from a labourer carrying building materials on the site, also became notable painters in their own right.
Polidoro's partner, Maturino da Firenze , has, like Penni, been overshadowed in subsequent reputation by his partner. Giovanni da Udine had a more independent status, and was responsible for the decorative stucco work and grotesques surrounding the main frescoes.
Vasari emphasises that Raphael ran a very harmonious and efficient workshop, and had extraordinary skill in smoothing over troubles and arguments with both patrons and his assistants—a contrast with the stormy pattern of Michelangelo's relationships with both.
Many of his portraits, if in good condition, show his brilliance in the detailed handling of paint right up to the end of his life. It has been claimed the Flemish Bernard van Orley worked for Raphael for a time, and Luca Penni , brother of Gianfrancesco and later a member of the First School of Fontainebleau , may have been a member of the team.
Portrait of Elisabetta Gonzaga , c. Portrait of Pope Julius II , c. Portrait of Bindo Altoviti , c. Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione , c.
Raphael was one of the finest draftsmen in the history of Western art, and used drawings extensively to plan his compositions. According to a near-contemporary, when beginning to plan a composition, he would lay out a large number of stock drawings of his on the floor, and begin to draw "rapidly", borrowing figures from here and there.
This is how Raphael himself, who was so rich in inventiveness, used to work, always coming up with four or six ways to show a narrative, each one different from the rest, and all of them full of grace and well done.
When a final composition was achieved, scaled-up full-size cartoons were often made, which were then pricked with a pin and "pounced" with a bag of soot to leave dotted lines on the surface as a guide.
He also made unusually extensive use, on both paper and plaster, of a "blind stylus", scratching lines which leave only an indentation, but no mark.
These can be seen on the wall in The School of Athens , and in the originals of many drawings. In later works painted by the workshop, the drawings are often painfully more attractive than the paintings.
They lack the freedom and energy of some of Leonardo's and Michelangelo's sketches, but are nearly always aesthetically very satisfying.
He was one of the last artists to use metalpoint literally a sharp pointed piece of silver or another metal extensively, although he also made superb use of the freer medium of red or black chalk.
Study for soldiers in this Resurrection of Christ , c. Red chalk study for the Villa Farnesina Three Graces. Sheet with study for the Alba Madonna and other sketches.
Raphael made no prints himself, but entered into a collaboration with Marcantonio Raimondi to produce engravings to Raphael's designs, which created many of the most famous Italian prints of the century, and was important in the rise of the reproductive print.
His interest was unusual in such a major artist; from his contemporaries it was only shared by Titian , who had worked much less successfully with Raimondi.
Raphael made preparatory drawings, many of which survive, for Raimondi to translate into engraving. The most famous original prints to result from the collaboration were Lucretia , the Judgement of Paris and The Massacre of the Innocents of which two virtually identical versions were engraved.
Among prints of the paintings The Parnassus with considerable differences  and Galatea were also especially well known.
Outside Italy, reproductive prints by Raimondi and others were the main way that Raphael's art was experienced until the twentieth century.
Baviero Carocci , called "Il Baviera" by Vasari, an assistant who Raphael evidently trusted with his money,  ended up in control of most of the copper plates after Raphael's death, and had a successful career in the new occupation of a publisher of prints.
Drawing for a Sibyl in the Chigi Chapel. Judgement of Paris , still influencing Manet , who used the seated group in his most famous work.
Galatea, engraving after the fresco in the Villa Farnesina. From until his death, Raphael lived in the Palazzo Caprini , lying at the corner between piazza Scossacavalli and via Alessandrina in the Borgo , in rather grand style in a palace designed by Bramante.
Vasari claims that he had toyed with the ambition of becoming a cardinal, perhaps after some encouragement from Leo, which also may account for his delaying his marriage.
Raphael died on Good Friday April 6, , which was possibly his 37th birthday. He dictated his will, in which he left sufficient funds for his mistress's care, entrusted to his loyal servant Baviera, and left most of his studio contents to Giulio Romano and Penni.
So hielt er zum Beispiel die Vampire davon ab, sich über einen Irdischen herzumachen, nicht aus moralischen Gründen wie er sagte, sondern weil es total dumm ist und irgendwann zur Auslöschung der Vampire führt.
Danach beschimpft er die Vampire noch ein paar Mal, wie dumm sie doch sind und sagt ihnen, was sie zu tun haben.
Magnus denkt, dass es in seiner Natur liegt, andere Vampire herumzukommandieren. Er hat aber auch eine versteckte, humorvolle Seite und ihn verbindet eine Freundschaft zu Ragnor, die meist daraus besteht, sich über Magnus lustig zu machen.
Der damals jährige Raphael schloss sich mit seinen Freunden zusammen, um dem ein Ende zu setzen. Bei dem Versuch wurde er gebissen und zum Vampir.
Magnus Bane nahm ihn die ersten Wochen unter seine Fittiche. Davor will er aber seine Mutter noch sehen, ohne dass diese erkennt, dass er ein Vampir ist.
Dazu übt er im Vorhinein zum Beispiel ein Kreuz zu tragen und sich die Verbrennungen nicht anmerken zu lassen und nicht vor Schmerzen aufzuschreien.
Er erzählt ihnen, dass sein Bruder damals mit Freunden die Monster im Hotel mit geweihten Messern töten wollte und sie dann nie wieder gesehen wurden.
Wärend die drei ihren Weg durch das Hotel nehmen, wird Raphael von Jace mit einem Messer angegriffen.
Er wurde durchschaut - es war nicht sein Bruder, der nicht aus dem Hotel zurückkam, sondern er selbst. Jace nimmt Raphael als Geisel gegen die anwesenden Vampire.
Er hat genug und befiehlt die Eindringlinge zu töten, doch dazu kommt es nicht, da er und seine Vampire überraschend von Werwölfen angegriffen werden.